Key committee supports bill to add SMA, SCID to newborn screenings

Posted by: Allison Vanatsky  | Tuesday, January 23, 2018

STATEHOUSE (Jan. 23, 2018) — The House Committee on Ways and Means recently voted in favor of a bill co-authored by State Rep. Donna Schaibley (R-Carmel) that works to save the lives of children by adding two new tests to Indiana’s newborn screening panel.

Schaibley’s legislation would require spinal muscular atrophy, or SMA, and severe combined immunodeficiency, or SCID, to be added to the list of screenings newborns get in Indiana shortly after their births.

“In order to give these infants the best chance of survival, early detection is critical,” Schaibley said. “Testing as soon as possible can provide families with more treatment options, which can be more effective if addressed before symptoms appear.”

Spinal muscular atrophy is a severe genetic disorder that alters the motor nerve cells in the spinal cord. Those cells, once affected by SMA, will not regenerate, which then results in muscle weakness and can eventually lead to the inability to walk, talk, swallow and breathe.

Schaibley said out of the four types of SMA, the most severe and common is usually diagnosed within the first few months of an infant’s life. She said children who received treatment for SMA through a new FDA-approved drug therapy were able to achieve unprecedented motor milestones.

Severe combined immunodeficiency makes those affected highly susceptible to life-threatening infections caused by viruses, bacteria and fungi. SCID is often referred to as “bubble boy disease” due to the level of quarantine necessary to avoid infection. The syndrome usually results in the onset of one or more serious infections within the first few months of life, making detection at birth key. These infections are usually serious, and may be life threatening, including pneumonia, meningitis or bloodstream infections. Children affected by SCID can also become ill from live viruses present in some vaccines. Schaibley said this syndrome makes it nearly impossible for a child to live a healthy life if it is not detected at birth.

Schaibley said newborn screenings identify diseases in babies shortly after their births, providing opportunities for early interventions that can prevent death or the need for long-term care. In Indiana, newborns are tested for 47 conditions, including sickle cell anemia, cystic fibrosis, hearing loss and critical congenital heart disease.

House Bill 1017 can now be considered by the full House. For more information, visit iga.in.gov.

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State Rep. Donna Schaibley (R-Carmel) represents House District 24,
which includes portions of Boone and Hamilton counties.

A high-resolution photo of Schaibley can be downloaded by clicking here.

Note: Audio file is available and is attached to email.